Ned Carmack I

Ned Carmack I

By Ray Hill Edward Ward Carmack, Jr. possessed a name made famous by his father.  E. W. Carmack had been a congressman, United States senator and only just barely missed having been elected governor; the elder Carmack had also been a newspaper editor who deftly used his pen to praise his friends and torture his […]

Lucille Foster McMillin

Lucille Foster McMillin

By Ray Hill While Lucille Foster McMillin is barely remembered today, she was a pioneer for women in public service during her time.  Married to Benton McMillin, a member of Congress for twenty years and twice governor of Tennessee, Lucille Foster McMillin was Tennessee’s First Lady from 1899 – 1903.  Mrs. McMillin was the second […]

The Last Hurrah of Benton McMillin

The Last Hurrah of Benton McMillin

  By Ray Hill In 1920, Tennessee had done the unthinkable and gone Republican.  Not only had GOP presidential nominee Warren Harding carried Tennessee, but the Volunteer State with women newly enfranchised to vote, had elected a Republican governor, Alf Taylor.  The Republicans had also picked up three congressional seats, ousting veteran Democratic congressmen Cordell […]

The Last Years of Nancy Kefauver

The Last Years of Nancy Kefauver

By Ray Hill Senator Estes Kefauver died on August 10, 1963 when his aorta burst.  Kefauver had died at Bethesda Naval Hospital and according to his biographer, Charles Fontenay, the senator had put off urgent surgery to await the arrival of his wife, who was vacationing with two of their daughters in Colorado.  Nancy Kefauver  […]

Tennessee and the League of Nations V

Tennessee and the League of Nations V

By Ray Hill Despite intense pressure from constituents and his own political party, Senator John Knight Shields of Tennessee remained determined to vote his convictions as the United States Senate considered the Treaty of Versailles.  John Knight Shields had been the only Democrat on the Senate Foreign Relations Committee to break ranks and support the […]

Tennessee and the League of Nations, IV

Tennessee and the League of Nations, IV

By Ray Hill Tennessee’s senior United States senator, John Knight Shields, had surprised tens of thousands of his constituents and infuriated many members of his own Democratic Party when he had voted to add reservations to the Treaty of Versailles in the Senate.  The treaty was the culmination of months of torturous negotiations between the […]

Tennessee and the League of Nations III

Tennessee and the League of Nations III

Governor Tom C. Rye had run for the United States Senate in the 1918 Democratic primary against Senator John Knight Shields as a supporter of President Woodrow Wilson and lost. Rye’s defeat did not necessarily mean the people of Tennessee had turned against Wilson; in fact, had the President written the public letter denouncing Shields […]

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